Sexual Harassment And Consensual Relationship Agreements | WinWinHR
One of the most important developments in ethical theory in recent decades to contract: a model which portrays professional-patient relationships as richer. Sexual ethics or sex ethics (also called sexual morality) is the study of human sexuality and the expression of human sexual behavior. Sexual ethics seeks to understand and evaluate the moral conduct of interpersonal relationships and sexual activities from social, . The ethical practice of this necessitates honest dialogue and consent of all. Survey respondents were asked to declare their level of agreement with presses moral claims against Christian sexual and relational ethics: for this Where a relationship between given parties is consensual, few if any.
By contrast, ' minors ' which may be defined differently in different jurisdictions are generally presumed incompetent to consent, but depending on their age and other factors may be required to provide Informed assent. In some jurisdictions e. In other jurisdictions e. In cases of incompetent minors, informed consent is usually required from the parent rather than the 'best interests standard' although a parens patriae order may apply, allowing the court to dispense with parental consent in cases of refusal.
Deception[ edit ] Research involving deception is controversial given the requirement for informed consent.5 Sexual Harassment Consensual Relationships
Deception typically arises in social psychology, when researching a particular psychological process requires that investigators deceive subjects. For example, in the Milgram experimentresearchers wanted to determine the willingness of participants to obey authority figures despite their personal conscientious objections.
They had authority figures demand that participants deliver what they thought was an electric shock to another research participant. For the study to succeed, it was necessary to deceive the participants so they believed that the subject was a peer and that their electric shocks caused the peer actual pain. Nonetheless, research involving deception prevents subjects from exercising their basic right of autonomous informed decision-making and conflicts with the ethical principle of respect for persons.
The Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct set by the American Psychological Association says that psychologists may conduct research that includes a deceptive compartment only if they can both justify the act by the value and importance of the study's results and show they could not obtain the results by some other way. Moreover, the research should bear no potential harm to the subject as an outcome of deception, either physical pain or emotional distress.
Finally, the code requires a debriefing session in which the experimenter both tells the subject about the deception and gives subject the option of withdrawing the data. Other countries with such laws e. Germany require that the information giver be properly certified to make sure that no abortion is carried out for the financial gain of the abortion provider and to ensure that the decision to have an abortion is not swayed by any form of incentive.
This "consent by proxy" usually works reasonably well, but can lead to ethical dilemmas when the judgment of the parents or guardians and the medical professional differ with regard to what constitutes appropriate decisions "in the best interest of the child". Children who are legally emancipatedand certain situations such as decisions regarding sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy, or for unemancipated minors who are deemed to have medical decision making capacity, may be able to provide consent without the need for parental permission depending on the laws of the jurisdiction the child lives in.
The American Academy of Pediatrics encourages medical professionals also to seek the assent of older children and adolescents by providing age appropriate information to these children to help empower them in the decision making process.
The only effective way to establish normal patterns of growth and metabolism is to do research on infants and young children. When addressing the issue of informed consent with children, the primary response is parental consent.
This is valid, although only legal guardians are able to consent for a child, not adult siblings.
Consensual Relationship Agreement
For example, emancipated minors may consent to medical treatment, and minors can also consent in an emergency. Informed consent is documented by means of a written, signed, and dated informed consent form.
Nowadays, medical research is overseen by an ethics committee that also oversees the informed consent process. As the medical guidelines established in the Nuremberg Code were imported into the ethical guidelines for the social sciencesinformed consent became a common part of the research procedure.
In some cultures, this act may be considered ethical if the spouse consents, or acceptable as long as the partner is not married while other cultures might view any sexual intercourse outside marriage as unethical, with or without consent.
Furthermore, the institution of marriage brings up the issue of premarital sex wherein people who may choose to at some point in their lives marry, engage in sexual activity with partners who they may or may not marry.
Various cultures have different attitudes about the ethics of such behavior, some condemning it while others view it to be normal and acceptable. Premarital sex Premarital sex is sexual activity between two people who are not married to each other. Usually, both parties are unmarried.
This might be objected to on religious or moral groundswhile individual views within a given society can vary greatly.
Consensual Relationship Agreement
Extramarital sex Extramarital sex is sex occurring outside marriage, usually referring to when a married person engages in sexual activity with someone other than their marriage partner.
Commonly there are moral as well as religious objections to sexual relationships by a married person outside the marriage, and such activity is often referred to in law or religion as adultery. Others call it infidelity or "cheating".
In contrast, there are some cultures, groups or individual relationships in which extramarital sex is an accepted norm.
In today's western cultures some people practice " polyamory ", otherwise known as responsible non-monogamy, or " open marriage ". The ethical practice of this necessitates honest dialogue and consent of all those involved.
Individuals and societies[ edit ] See also: Abuse of powerSexual harassmentIncestand Pedophilia Most societies disapprove of a person in a position of power to engage in sexual activity with a subordinate. This is often considered unethical simply as a breach of trust.
When the person takes advantage of a position of power in the workplace, this may constitute sexual harassmentbecause subordinates may be unable to give proper consent to a sexual advance because of a fear of repercussions. Child-parent incest is also seen as an abuse of a position of trust and power, in addition to the inability of a child to give consent.
Incest between adults may not involve this lack of consent, and is, therefore, less clear-cut for most observers. Many professional organizations have rules forbidding sexual relations between members and their clients.
Examples in many countries include psychiatrists, psychologists, therapists, doctors, and lawyers. In addition, laws exist against this kind of abuse of power by priests, preachers, teachers, religious counselors, and coaches. Sex work[ edit ] Various sexual acts are traded for money or other goods across the world. Ethical positions on sex work may depend on the type of sex act traded and the conditions in which it is traded, there are for example additional ethical concerns over the abrogation of autonomy in the situation of trafficked sex workers.
Sex work has been a particularity divisive issue within feminism. Some feminists may regard sex work as an example of societal oppression of the sex workers by the patriarchy.
The ethical argument underlying this position is that despite the apparent consent of the sex worker, the choice to engage in sex work is often not an autonomous choice, because of economic, familial or societal pressures. Sex work may also be seen as an objectification of women.
An opposing view held by other feminists such as Wendy McElroy is that sex work is a means of empowering women, the argument here being that in sex work women are able to extract psychological and financial power over men which is a justified correction of the power unbalance inherent in a patriarchal society.
Consensual Relationship Agreement We, the undersigned employees, have voluntarily entered a social relationship. We acknowledge that [Employer] is committed to providing a workplace that is free of harassment, discrimination, conflicts of interest, and favouritism, and that [Employer] will not tolerate unwelcome or offensive conduct, conduct that creates a hostile work environment, or sexual harassment.
We understand and agree as follows: The social relationship is welcome and consensual by both employees. Either employee may terminate the relationship at any time without suffering workplace retaliation of any form. Neither employee will seek or accept a direct supervisory or reporting relationship with the other.
The employees will not engage in conduct that could reasonably be regarded by co-workers as favouritism. The employees will behave professionally toward each other at all times, even if the social relationship ends.