The Relation between. NGOs and Government. Presented by. Laszlo Szabo ( PhD). November 15, Szeged. This article provides information about the Relationship between NGOs and Government – Explained! The relationship between NGOs and the government has. Relationships between nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and government agencies have been variously described in the nonprofit literature as.
NGOs have broaden their activities in the form of group formation, formal and non formal education training, micro credit facilitation, family planning and welfare, health and nutrition, water supply and sanitation, agriculture and related activities, human and advocacy, legal aid and other areas to support social and economic empowerment of the poor.
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An analytical overview NGOs in Bangladesh have established in different stage with different objectives but the ultimate goal is socio economic development. In the primary stage after liberation war when Bangladesh was in vulnerable position, then many NGO emerged with relief and rehabilitation program me. In that time it was not possible for the government to handle the entire problem alone. The government of Bangladesh is not enthusiastic about NGOs involvement and there is some hidden mistrust and misunderstanding.
This is because different people representing different stakeholders look at the changes from their respective positions.
In provisioning basic services NGOs have over passed some step and changed their focus. These key shifts and changes have been seen as paradigm shifts in NGO discourse in Bangladesh.
In that time the Indian subcontinent in area comprising Bangladesh in particular, educational institutions schools, college, Madrasha etc and prayer houses mosque and temples used to be established as nonprofit organization bye the people either individually or group of people.
In those, activities there are also non cooperated bodies like clubs voluntary associations provided service like adult literacy, helped in the time of disaster and famine and organized cultural and other extracurricular activities. Those NGOs are normally covered with socio cultural fabric of Bangladesh. Self help village level organizations known as Palloli Mongal Samitties village welfare society were found in many district from Local Administrators encourage these village Samities for a combination of local good work and the building of local patronage relationships.
Key points and shifting focuses s: After liberation war NGOs got new momentum. And there activities were limited to emergency help and relief work. No NGO worth mentioning was in sight in this period.
Relationship between NGOs and Government – Explained!
And the ideas of "Besharkari Unnayan Protistan " nongovernmental development organization works were not perceived by people or the government. And government was regarded provider of all services. But when there are massive destruction in infrastructure and in economy after liberation war there are lack of food, shelter, medicine and others essential support. The first generation of Bangladeshi NGO grew in this situation with relief and rehabilitation program me. During this period NGOs not only provided medicines, food, and clothes but also provided support to build houses, helps to build physical and social infrastructure.
By those activities few NGOs created good name for NGO and proved their potentiality to engage themselves in the socio economic development of Bangladesh. But this orientation was not sustainable so they shifted their course of action from charity and welfare orientation to a self reliant local development orientation, Huda Gradually NGOs expand their activities in different parts of the country, so there need a platform to coordinate their activities and also need network to maintain liaison with government and donors.
ADAB was established as a networking organization. And this organization is significant for three reasons: It provided a common forum for the NGOs to meet, discuss and resolve problems. Government engaged ADAB in emergency relief and rehabilitation activities in the time of natural disaster.
Second period was to when poor became main focuses of NGOs.
And the programs were alleviating poverty, non formal education etc. That initial collaboration worked fairly and government found it to be useful collaborator in attaining development. This collaboration indeed depicted a relation of mutual trust and understanding.
In this period there has been a large scale growth of NGOs at local, regional and national levels. NGOs have been working in small Geographic area successfully. In order to expand their activities, a few NGOs undertook programs of collaboration with government and other relevant agencies. Then government put importance on NGOs to collaborate in National level. And this recognition of government marked the NGOs as a development actor.
Relationship between NGOs and Government – Explained!
This sets the beginning of relations, sometimes marked by trust and success but also in some cases by tension and mistrust. NGOs played significant role in the aftermath of three devastating floodsand and also of the cyclone. Through effective role in disaster, NGOs established their credibility and acceptance by both national government and the International community. NGOs have always been the first before the government to reach affected people.
Government had put importance on coordination and cooperation between NGOs, government and private organization. Sometimes political pressure was created for the share of relief. In disaster mitigation and management, NGOs have an excellent relation with government and local level institutions.
There are no serious regulations from government. The states role was positive and not fully restricted. With the work of relief and rehabilitation NGOs became very popular development actor. So, questions were rising are they really nonprofit voluntary organizations?
So government has felt the necessary to make them accountable and transparent. As result some ordinance and act emerged, where NGOs can be registered. And government didn't know how funds are received and spend. Two laws were enforced to monitor the inflow. In response government created The NGOs Affairs Bureau in to decrease bureaucracy procedure and provide one stop service.
And government considers this as a step to improve the relation with NGOs. World Bank ;;Ahmad ;Ahmad and Morshed The State Ministry of Health runs an extensive network of hospitals, rural hospitals, clinics and dispensaries, but the services suffer from shortages of human and financial resources and equipment to deliver curative health services.
Furthermore, people face difficulties in accessing health services, especially in rural and conflict-affected areas. The State Ministry of Health needs assistance from NGOs and other stakeholders to become involved in financing and delivering curative health services.
This situation has led international Non-Governmental Organizations NGOs to intervene and take responsibility for providing most of the curative health services in North Darfur State 4. These organisations concentrate their efforts on urban areas because of their lack of capacity. The range of activities carried out by NGOs extends from providing hospitals, clinics and primary health care centers, to providing free consultation and drugs.
NGOs contribute to curative health service delivery by providing human and financial resources, materials and equipment, sharing information, developing joint projects with government, and developing national health policy, as well as creating joint committees with government.
This article analyses all these forms of collaboration between the government and NGOs in delivering curative health services in North Darfur State and identifies the challenges that affect this collaboration. But in order to do so the way in which such collaboration is organized should first be explained. Methods Both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to address the specific objectives of this study, which were to: Examine the existing collaboration between government and NGOs in curative health service delivery; Identify the challenges that affect their collaboration.
However, notwithstanding the contradictory position, there have been several areas of cooperation between the government and NGOs.
NGOs are mostly working on the legalised issues and on a small scale. The experience and the expertise of the localised NGOs usually come to help in a big way for the successful implementation of these polices. Again the NGOs also formulate innovative projects on these issues receiving expert help from government agencies.
According to an estimate, there are over 30, NGOs in India. The situation has changed since the Eighth Five-Year Planand now the government openly encourages the participation of NGOs in development sphere.
Though many of them supplement government plans and programmes, they are also simultaneously critical of government policies.