The Relationship Between Religion and Mental Health - World Religion News
This study examined the relationship between religion and mental health/ distress. Data analyzed for the total sample (n = ) indicated that high religious . Interestingly, a growing corpus of research has examined the link between religious belief, religious practice, and mental health. These studies reveal a set of. PDF | In this chapter, the relation between religion and mental health and vice versa has been described. From primitive times different religions have different.
A Korean study exploring the relationship between mental health and religiosity provides a good illustration of the duality between the two. In other words, a depressive episode often motivates patients to seek out religion as a way of coping with their illness.
Religion and mental health
Several studies have suggested that religious activities, such as worship attendance, may play a role in combating depression. In part thanks to the community aspect and the extended support networks which worship attendance provides. Social support accounts for about percent of the measured benefits. The rest comes from aspects such as the sort of self-discipline encouraged by religious faith, and the optimistic worldview that it can support. Likewise, a study from March this year showed that those who held devout religious beliefs were less afraid of death than those with uncertain ones, interestingly devout atheists also held little anxiety about death and the after-life.
This kind of individual will judge his or her actions based on his or her religious beliefs. Another feature of this type of believer is that he or she will mostly practice only that which is allowed by religion. The second type of believer is the extrinsic one. This believer uses faith to serve his or her own ends.
This belief system is mostly seen in people who use religion as a means of coping with emotions. According to various studies, religion can be a benefit to mental health. These benefits, however, are mostly seen among intrinsic believers. An intrinsic believer who follows a religion that prohibits activities such as meditation will be sound of mind because of reduced stress. Such a person will experience little psychological distress because he or she will have a sense of purpose in life.
India is a country which is associated with spiritual traditions for thousands of years; which has been home of some of the greatest religions of the world like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism. It is a land where spirituality is almost a way of life; where an even illiterate farmer or housewife will surprise one with their philosophical issues of life.
Earlier patients used to say that people weer talking about him, but now it is changed and patients now say that the chip is implanted in brain, which is controlling the patient. Same is true with symptoms with religious connotations. The definitions of religiosity and spirituality have been a perennial source of controversy. These are not interchangeable words. According to Betson and Ventisas early asthe psychologist James Leuba detected 48 distinct definitions of religion. We will adopt the definitions given by Koenig et al.
Spirituality is expressed through art, poetry and myth, as well as religious practice.
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Both religion and spirituality typically emphasize the depth of meaning and purpose in life. One does not, of course, have to be religious for life to be deeply meaningful, as atheists will avow. However, although some atheists might not consider themselves spiritual, many do. Spirituality is thus a more inclusive concept than religion. There are obvious differences between Jewish-Christian-Islamic religion and religious traditions as evolved in Indian subcontinent.
In Indian languages, there is no equivalent term to convey the meaning of the word Religion. The nearest term is dharma is not an equivalent of religion. It is a mixture of cosmic order, sacred law, and religious duty. In India's philosophy and mythology play an important role in religious teaching.
In India, particularly in Hindu religion God also has a different meaning. In other religion God is the creator and he resides outside the world he has created.
However in Hinduism, God lies within you and within everyone and not outside. From the whole emerges the whole. The whole is taken from the whole but the whole remains. The creation of the universe does not in any manner affect the integrity of Brahman. Today, most people believe that in the medieval ages most mental disorders were considered as witchcraft or demonic possession. After all, one of the foundational myths of psychiatry is that brave and enlightened psychiatrists liberated mankind from this religious superstition.
Many well-known psychiatric textbooks have taught that the Middle Ages were the Dark Ages, when the focus was on insanity as demonology, when people did not consider natural causes to mental disorders and the insane were tortured or burned at the stake. However, that point of view is far away from the truth. Natural causes to mental disorders were proposed and largely accepted during that period and the emphasis on demonology and witch-hunting occurred after the middle Ages.
However, Vandermeersch states that medical psychiatry's birth at the time of Pinel did not conflict with religion. The alleged opposition between enlightened medicine and obscurantist theology as well as between the humanitarian physician and the cruel churchman are myths. Excessive sexual activity is decried upon by most religions and therefore, it may arouse a strong sense of guilt or anxiety in many.
Similarly, any violation of religious rituals, whether willingly or unwillingly can generate considerable anxiety. If religion has to fulfill the need for which it was generated it has to keep pace with modern times and technology. Only then it will serve the function of providing relief and succour to mankind. One factor that may have contributed to this negative attitude is what Lukoff et al.
Psychiatrists and psychologists tend to be less religious than the general population, and do not receive adequate training to deal with religious questions in clinical practice. Although psychiatric patients many times use religious coping in a healthy way, they also may express a depressive, psychotic or anxious point of view of their religions.Christianity and Mental Illness - Trauma Talk
Those perspectives, farther than not reflecting in a fairly way the religious experiences of the general population, were seen as confirmations of the pathological nature of religiosity. Only in the last two decades have rigorous scientific research been done and published in mainstream medical and psychological journals.
Levin and Harold G.
They have conducted a series of studies looking at the relationship between religious involvement and mental health in mature adults, either living in the community or hospitalized with medical illness.
Since then, many other researchers have produced a large body of research that has usually, but not always, shown a positive association between religious involvement and mental health. Currently, there is a trend favoring a rapprochement of religion and psychiatry to help mental health professionals develop skills to understand better the religious factors influencing health and to provide a more compassionate and comprehensive mental health care.
There are many references in Indian philosophical texts as to what constitutes as an ideal person.
Religion and mental health
Most often, quoted text is from Srimad Bhagavad Gita describing the balanced person as one who has a controlled mind, emotions and senses. For understanding the concept of mental-health, perhaps more important than any one quote is the broad Hindu view of life as summed up in the well-known four ends or broad aims of life Purushartha.
These are Dharma, Kama, Artha and Moksha. Dharma is righteousness, virtue or religious duty. Kama refers to fulfilment of our biological needs or sensual pleasures. Artha refers to fulfilment of our social needs including material gains, acquisition of wealth and social recognition. Moksha means liberation from worldly bondage and union with ultimate reality. Kama as the biological dimension, Artha as social dimension and Moksha as spiritual dimension.
Dharma is the central axis around which life rotates. If one pursues Kama and Artha without Dharma the long term result is suffering for the individual and others around them. Because of that, frequently, the measurement of religiosity involved only a single question, often simply religious denomination. However, the religious affiliation tells us little about what is religiosity and how important it is in someone's life.
On account of that, studies using only a subject's religious affiliation have provided, with few exceptions, many inconsistent and contradictory findings.
The strongest and most consistent results have not been found between different religious denominations, but by comparing different degrees of religious involvement from a non-religious to a deeply religious person. Other questions are non-organizational religiosity time spent in private religious activities such as prayer, meditation, and reading religious texts and subjective religiosity the importance of the religion in someone's life.
However, caution is necessary in interpreting the relationship between private religious practices and health in cross-sectional studies. People may pray more while they are sick or under stressful situations.
Turning to religion when sick may result in a spurious positive association between religiousness and poor health. Conversely, a poor health status could decrease the capacity to attend a religious meeting, in that way creating another bias on the association between religiousness and health.
Finally, a very important dimension of religiosity is religious commitment, which reflects the influence that religious beliefs have on a person's decisions and lifestyle. Many find religion useful in a variety of ways — to provide security and solace, sociability and distraction, status and self-justification.
The embraced creed is lightly held or else selectively shaped to fit more primary needs. Other needs, strong as they may be, are regarded as of less ultimate significance, and they are, so far as possible, brought in harmony with the religious beliefs and prescriptions.
Having embraced a creed the individual endeavors to internalize it and follow it fully.
It is exactly this behavior that has been most consistently associated with better mental-health. Of physical health, religiousness was related to decreased smoking and alcohol consumption, as well as positively effecting heart disease and blood pressure. A confound was that, at least in the elderly, physical health supported religious activities, more than the other way around.
Religious commitment and participation seemed to affect longevity, as well, especially in men. Suicide ideology was also lowered, as well as, more disapproving attitudes towards suicidal behavior.
An interesting finding was that church attendance was a major predictor in suicide prevention, even more than employment. In Hindu, religious beliefs if you take your life prematurely than you have to suffer in the next birth. Hence in this religion there is a strong believe in rebirths. There is a negative correlation between drug use and religiousness. Most research findings support that religious affiliation, especially participation, lowers the rate of alcohol consumption.