Negative identity management: 'We each should see other people ' Justification : 'This relationship is not giving me what I want.' Duck shows a four phase. Relationship Dissolution - Duck's Model, Relationships After Breakup - as a complex and multifaceted activity with several phases and aspects, and, " Breaking Up is (Relatively) Easy to Do: A Script of the Dissolution of Close Relationships. .. I was married for 8years with William. things started getting ugly and we had. Duck proposed a phase model of relationship breakdown. He argued that the ending of a relationship is not a one-off event but a process that takes time and.
Akert found that the person who instigated the break-up tended to suffer fewer negative consequences than the non-instigator.
Another criticism is the model for breakdown is not universal as it does not apply to every case of relationship breakdown nor does the phases always occur in the same order. The model does not apply to homosexual relationships or heterosexual relationships where there are no children. The model identifies opportunities for different repair strategies at different points. For example during the intrapsychic stage where people brood over the negatives of their partner and the relationship, they can be encouraged to focus instead on the positives.If You're In A Long Distance Relationship, Watch This
During the Dyadic stage communication is key and ensuring this is constructive and solution focused rather than blame orientated can help avoid hitting the next threshold where breakdown is more difficult to avoid as it becomes social.
Therefore such insights into the break-up process as applications particularly in relationship counselling. Research into breakdown like this also raises ethical issues as it focuses on sensitive areas which raises the issue of vulnerability in participants who may have to relive the experiences of breakdown causing further stress.
Romantic Relationships: Duck's Model of Relationship Breakdown
Privacy and confidentiality are also invaded as researchers question them to find out why the relationship broke down and this presents a major issue particularly when domestic abuse is a factor. In some cultures arranged marriages tend to be more permanent and involve families in crisis, which these models cannot fully explain.
Therefore the model can be argued to be ethnocentric and lacking external validity to wider generalisation across different cultures.
The model does not account for love and how that may play a mitigating role in relationship breakdown yet it is universally accepted as a key component within relationships. A greater number of sexual partners before marriage. Relationship becomes routine and boring — lack of stimulation Lack of sexual satisfaction Lack of social skills — poor at conversation, may seem uninterested.
Extra marital affairs — may be a direct reaction to the other reasons discussed. Boekhout 5 Duck Duck came up with a 5 stage model of relationship dissolution Later, Rollie and Duck added to this and created a 6 stage model Duck suggested the 3 main reasons why relationships break down 1.
Lack of Social Skills 2. Boredom — lack of stimulation 3. Difficult to maintain the relationship distance 6 What would social exchange theory suggest as an explanation for relationship breakdown?
Duck's Phase Model Of Relationship Breakdown AQA Psychology
It would predict that dissolution is the result of an imbalance in rewards and costs. However I want to see clear evidence of all stages of the model!
Which of these is a synoptic IDA point? Such approaches have tended to move away from the simple equation of endurance of a marriage as a measure of its success, although our society specifically continues to equate stamina with accomplishment for example, by celebrating twenty-fifth, fiftieth, and sixtieth wedding anniversaries.
Theories Of Romantic Relationships: Duck's Phase Model Flashcards Preview
However, people facing the prospect of divorce or breakup very often must contend with the added stress of the feeling that they have somehow "failed" if their relationship is ended. This sense is often based in the normativity of "couplehood" and the fact that by a certain age or stage in life a person is "expected" to have a stable life partner. More recently, scholars have chosen to examine the long-term processes of separating and the ways in which third parties children, relatives, friends inflect the whole process.
These models of dissolution recognize that a relationship always takes place within a set of other relationships: These networks of other folks can be powerful influences on whether and how the relationship between the couple breaks up.
For example, acquaintances and friends may bring out standard advice that there are always difficulties in marriages and that these will often pass away with time, or, alternatively, they may reveal that they did not ever like the partner and could not understand how the marriage would work out anyway!
Another thread of research is to treat dissolution as something negotiated over time between partners, and involving strategies by which partners persuade one another out of the relationship.
Such proposals treat dissolution as a complex and multifaceted activity with several phases and aspects, and, in particular, treat dissolution as partly a network activity or at least as an activity involving outsiders also.
Romantic Relationships: Duck's Model of Relationship Breakdown | Owlcation
Such approaches focus less on the relationship difficulties that led to the wish to separate and more on the ways in which dissolution is managed. Such researchers note that everyone has a social face, a sense of their own personal dignity and worth.
These approaches treat dissolution as involving issues of facework, where both partners hope to come out of the experience with some sense of their own dignity sustained, so that they can make themselves available for future relationships without being seen as "damaged goods.
Here the goal is that the partners should create a dissolution that manages to leave both people with their social faces undamaged. For example, the partners could make clear to everyone else that they agreed amicably to split up, that they are seriously attempting to remain friends, and that neither of them was at fault: In this account of breakup of relationships, dissolution is treated as a time-framed process extending over several episodes of interaction and not as a single event although scholars recognize that such instant breakups do of course occur as a result of some sudden mischance.
The approach here is to treat dissolution as involving strategies and choices between them. For example a partner wishing to dissolve a relationship may simply announce Bald On Record i. Another strategy used in breakups is to convince the partner that a mature and intelligent person would see that it is in her or his best interests to breakup positive alter-casting.
Gerry Miller and Mac Parks listed sixteen different strategies like this that could be used by persons wishing to convince another person to let them go.
A major development in more recent approaches to relationship dissolution is to treat dissolution as an integral part of the partners' lives and activities, not as a separate process. This development sees the negotiations and completion of a breakup as something intimately intertwined with the other projects and activities that the two people conduct in their daily lives, involving the same sorts of conversational processes.
Duck's Model Steve Ducksuggested that the dissolution of relationships is an extended process composed of several different parts, which might be either sequential or compounded. In this approach the breakup of a relationship is not simply an event that occurs and to which two partners react.
Rather it is a long-term psychological process involving internal reflection, discussion with a partner, consultation with social networks, and the creation of personally satisfying stories about the history of the relationship from beginning to end.
The first Intrapsychic Phase of this process involves an individual brooding on the fact that the relationship is not satisfactory in some way from his or her perspective.
Although the complaints may be voiced to other people, the point here is that the persons complained to do not personally know the partner complained of. The point of this stage is mostly to vent for example, to a hair-dresser, bartender, or distant colleague at workbut not to convey to the partner that dissatisfaction is felt.