A Little Big History of Horses (article) | Khan Academy
If you've spent any time at all around horses, you know how special they are. The horse-human relationship is unlike any other. Horses have. And sync is a product of intra-action in that both are changed through a “As for the horses, the horses in our study have learned to live with humans,” she. It is the creature that a few of us, as equestrians, know and appreciate in our history of the horse and its role in shaping world civilizations and changing lives.
The heavy toll of horses Do we need to be reminded?
The human-horse relationship: how much do we know?
The first major victims of the second world war; 60, horses were killed in May Humble and loyal servants. Thecaptured horses were then left to die on the Eastern Front. Lest we forget it, we are reminded of this on a daily basis in the news. Towards a genuine bond? The human—horse relationship without a genuine bond is simply that; a meaningless association. The acting out of our fears, those not only linked to horses, but also our hidden fears and those we automatically carry with us from generation to generation.
All of these fears are present or are rekindled in our relationship with horses, where unfortunately the animal often feels the brunt. Horses continue to fascinate and to frighten. Combining their virile power and visual beauty, they maintain a strong presence in our collective imagination. Mythology and the arts are but examples of this.
Maybe we should learn from the centaur nations centaurs for whom horses were a guide; their philosophy was not to own the horse itself, but to take on the qualities that the horse embodied. The horse has an ability to enhance the noble virtues of courage, perseverance and tenacity within humans; virtues that we cannot feel in the presence of any other animal. History has shown us that a courageous warrior could own several horses, symbolic of his inner strength and reflecting his virtues!
The horse as a second skin … Run with our fears? They found that they could milk the lactating mare and serve the milk to their own families. Ancient knife marks on thousands of horse bones indicate these horses were raised for meat, and perhaps milk. One can imagine some adventurous herder youth climbing atop a docile-looking horse for amusement.
The human-horse relationship: how much do we know?
But whether humans used horses to pull wheeled vehicles such as chariots before they learned to ride them is not certain. Because most of these developments occurred before writing was invented, we depend on archaeological evidence to help us understand what happened. Horses pulling chariots are depicted in drawings from the Middle East about 4, years ago.
It is certainly possible that humans rode horses without bits long before that, but no physical evidence remains. With the ability to ride the horse, and to domesticate it for food, horse-centered human cultures emerged in places like the steppes of Central Asia.
A Little Big History of Horses
Horses and riders or horse-drawn carts or chariots could cover huge distances at great speed. As trade routes developed, roads were built to move horses and chariots more quickly.
Coming Home Humans also figured out how to use horses in warfare. The chariot was a fearsome weapon and the invention of the saddle, and then the stirrup, which first appears in China about 2, years ago, brought a leap forward in the effectiveness of horse-mounted warfare. Now warriors could use their hands more readily to fling spears, slash with swords, or fire arrows while secured on horseback with a saddle, feet planted in stirrups.
The Mongols, who used lightning-fast raids to conquer much of Asia in the 13th century, were famous for their horse-mounted archers. Two Sioux warriors in full dress, c. Thus was born the European knight in armor, fighting for a feudal lord to whom he swore loyalty.
Some horses quickly escaped from the Spanish conquistadors, or were stolen, and bred in the wild.
The human-horse relationship - Equireliance, connecting with horses
Native Americans quickly saw the utility of the horse, and the Plains Indians became expert at horse riding. All the while, humans bred horses selectively for characteristics like maneuverability, speed, gentleness, and strength.
A vast number of breeds, somewhere overexist today, reflecting the spectrum of uses in which horses have served humans. In other parts of the world, humans domesticated other animals to carry themselves or their loads: In North America, before the reintroduction of the horse by the Spaniards, Native Americans on the Great Plains relied on dogs pulling small travois simple sleds to carry their tepees, cooking ware, and other goods when they moved from camp to camp.
But the horse proved able to carry far heavier loads than a dog could. Electronic communication and new forms of transportation made the horse obsolete for carrying messages. Telegraphs and railroads replaced the Pony Express, which once carried letters across the American West.