How to Accept a Marriage Proposal: 11 Steps (with Pictures)
How to Accept a Marriage Proposal. It's easy to get excited if you're expecting a proposal. You may dream about the moment and how you'll react; you may even . For example, “There is no relationship between the number of hours Literary alternative—a form that states the hypothesis you will accept if the null hypothesis . This is usually already covered during the relationship-building. . This proposal is accepted and forms an agreement between XXXXXXXXXX (you) and.
Demonstrate to the reader that you have a comprehensive grasp of the field and are aware of important recent substantive and methodological developments. How will your study refine, revise, or extend what is now known? Avoid statements that imply that little has been done in the area or that what has been done is too extensive to permit easy summary. Statements of this sort are usually taken as indications that the writer is not really familiar with the literature. In a proposal, the literature review is generally brief and to the point.
Be judicious in your choice of exemplars—the literature selected should be pertinent and relevant APA, Select and reference only the more appropriate citations. Make key points clearly and succinctly. Committees may want a section outlining your search strategy—the procedures you used and sources you investigated e.
Check with your Chair. Questions are relevant to normative or census type research How many of them are there? Is there a relationship between them? They are most often used in qualitative inquiry, although their use in quantitative inquiry is becoming more prominent. Hypotheses are relevant to theoretical research and are typically used only in quantitative inquiry.
When a writer states hypotheses, the reader is entitled to have an exposition of the theory that led to them and of the assumptions underlying the theory. Just as conclusions must be grounded in the data, hypotheses must be grounded in the theoretical framework. A research question poses a relationship between two or more variables but phrases the relationship as a question; a hypothesis represents a declarative statement of the relations between two or more variables Kerlinger, ; Krathwohl, Deciding whether to use questions or hypotheses depends on factors such as the purpose of the study, the nature of the design and methodology, and the audience of the research at times even the taste and preference of committee members, particularly the Chair.
The practice of using hypotheses was derived from using the scientific method in social science inquiry. They have philosophical advantages in statistical testing, as researchers should be and tend to be conservative and cautious in their statements of conclusions Armstrong, Hypotheses can be couched in four kinds of statements.
Literary alternative—a form that states the hypothesis you will accept if the null hypothesis is rejected, stated in terms of theoretical constructs.
In other words, this is usually what you hope the results will show. Operational alternative—Similar to the literary alternative except that the operations are specified. Be prepared to interpret any possible outcomes with respect to the questions or hypotheses. Questions and hypotheses are testable propositions deduced and directly derived from theory except in grounded theory studies and similar types of qualitative inquiry. Make a clear and careful distinction between the dependent and independent variables and be certain they are clear to the reader.
Be excruciatingly consistent in your use of terms. If appropriate, use the same pattern of wording and word order in all hypotheses. The Design--Methods and Procedures A.
All research is plagued by the presence of confounding variables the noise that covers up the information you would like to have. Confounding variables should be minimized by various kinds of controls or be estimated and taken into account by randomization processes Guba, In the design section, indicate 1. Be aware of possible sources of error to which your design exposes you.
You will not produce a perfect, error free design no one can. However, you should anticipate possible sources of error and attempt to overcome them or take them into account in your analysis. Moreover, you should disclose to the reader the sources you have identified and what efforts you have made to account for them.
The key reason for being concerned with sampling is that of validity—the extent to which the interpretations of the results of the study follow from the study itself and the extent to which results may be generalized to other situations with other people Shavelson, Sampling is critical to external validity—the extent to which findings of a study can be generalized to people or situations other than those observed in the study.
To generalize validly the findings from a sample to some defined population requires that the sample has been drawn from that population according to one of several probability sampling plans. By a probability sample is meant that the probability of inclusion in the sample of any element in the population must be given a priori. All probability samples involve the idea of random sampling at some stage Shavelson, In experimentation, two distinct steps are involved.
Random selection—participants to be included in the sample have been chosen at random from the same population. Define the population and indicate the sampling plan in detail. Random assignment—participants for the sample have been assigned at random to one of the experimental conditions.
Another reason for being concerned with sampling is that of internal validity—the extent to which the outcomes of a study result from the variables that were manipulated, measured, or selected rather than from other variables not systematically treated.Bid, Proposal, Pitch - How to Get & Close Clients
Without probability sampling, error estimates cannot be constructed Shavelson, Perhaps the key word in sampling is representative. When a sample is drawn out of convenience a nonprobability samplerationale and limitations must be clearly provided.
Marriage Proposals: What to Say and How to Say It
Outline the instruments you propose to use surveys, scales, interview protocols, observation grids. If instruments have previously been used, identify previous studies and findings related to reliability and validity. If instruments have not previously been used, outline procedures you will follow to develop and test their reliability and validity.
In the latter case, a pilot study is nearly essential. Because selection of instruments in most cases provides the operational definition of constructs, this is a crucial step in the proposal. Include an appendix with a copy of the instruments to be used or the interview protocol to be followed. Also include sample items in the description of the instrument.
For a mailed survey, identify steps to be taken in administering and following up the survey to obtain a high response rate.
- Proposals vs. Estimates
- What did you think when you first met her?
- When did you realize that you might want to spend your life with her?
Outline the general plan for collecting the data. This may include survey administration procedures, interview or observation procedures. Include an explicit statement covering the field controls to be employed. Provide a general outline of the time schedule you expect to follow.
Specify the procedures you will use, and label them accurately e. If coding procedures are to be used, describe in reasonable detail. If you triangulated, carefully explain how you went about it. Communicate your precise intentions and reasons for these intentions to the reader. This helps you and the reader evaluate the choices you made and procedures you followed. Indicate briefly any analytic tools you will have available and expect to use e. Provide a well thought-out rationale for your decision to use the design, methodology, and analyses you have selected.
Limitations and Delimitations A. A limitation identifies potential weaknesses of the study. Think about your analysis, the nature of self-report, your instruments, the sample. Think about threats to internal validity that may have been impossible to avoid or minimize—explain. A delimitation addresses how a study will be narrowed in scope, that is, how it is bounded. This is the place to explain the things that you are not doing and why you have chosen not to do them—the literature you will not review and why notthe population you are not studying and why notthe methodological procedures you will not use and why you will not use them.
Besides, you'll have plenty of time to relive that moment later, when your best man plays it for laughs during the rehearsal dinner toast. When did you realize that you might want to spend your life with her?
Try to identify one specific moment when it hit you that you'd found the one. Was it when the four-star restaurant lost your reservation and she cheerfully suggested you head across the street for pizza and beer instead?
Planning Your Proposal? Here's What to Say and How to Say It
The time she came over when you were sick in bed with the flu and watched a kung fu movie marathon with you? Focus on how much better your life is now that she's in it. Has she helped you laugh off little things that used to stress you out?
Taught you the value of having more in the fridge than take-out cartons and beer? Show her how much you appreciate and need her by saying: Now I am [blank].
What is it about your sweetie that makes you want to be more like her? Her patience and kindness to others? Her sense of adventure? The value she places on making the world a better place? Revealing how much you admire her will show that you love her for all the right reasons.