Nigeria: (un)Lucky Dube and Peter's Touch - victoryawards.us
Lucky Dube is a reggae artist from South Africa singing in a fight against the cape had seen a collapse in British and Afrikaner relations due to the coming of .. up money to buy Peter Tosh albums even though they were scarce at the time . Lucky Dube, the South African reggae singer had been shot dead! His albums were smash hits and he drew massive crowds wherever he toured around the world. Some of this anger spilled on to Bob Marley and in , after coming to . His love-hate relationship with Bob Marley, the darling of most. My relationship with Lucky Dube began the day I walked into a I had gone there hoping to find a copy of Bob Marley's album Uprising.
My relationship with Lucky Dube began the day I walked into a small music shop called Ziyaduma. I had gone there hoping to find a copy of Bob Marley's album Uprising. The year was and Dube had just released his album Think About the Children. The title track was blaring from loudspeakers on each side of the door, and I had no clue what genre of music it was. But the voice seemed familiar. The music had a tinge of reggae fused with sounds of mbaqanga with echoes of Jimmy Cliff and a bit of Peter Tosh.
Nigeria: (un)Lucky Dube and Peter's Touch
It was reggae with just the right amount of zest to appeal to non-reggae fans. The right to vote included non-whites and poor Afrikaners. However, the power did not pass to the majority in the cape, the blacks. The right to vote during this time came to exclude tribal Africans because the government feared that large numbers of blacks were registering. There was a shortage of black labor and a shortage of food due to the influx of foreigners.
Thus black men went to work in the mines. The conditions required the workers live in enclosed compounds and carry passes if found without one, a person was subjected be thrown out of town. The formation of mines caused another situation, the lose of native lands.
There were African kingdoms surrounding the Trekboers settlements. The need for labor attracted natives to work in the mines to save money for guns. The Zulu were at the for-front of this. The British attached in order to keep order in the mining area, to maintain a supply of labor, to stop the spread of guns to Africans, to calm the panic in Natal, to prevent a widespread war between the blacks and whites.
The British also had an extra motive that the Zulu were behind all the black unrest throughout southern African. They hoped this would persuade the Trekboers to join the British-dominated federation. The Zulu however defeated the British and become a Crown colony.
As a result, the black states were in fragments. The lands became native reserves, but the British had control over them especially to recruit labor for the mines.
- OUR FAVOURITE LUCKY DUBE ...
Lapping The discovery of riches caused an influx of rich foreigners and with that came new problems. The major result was the Boer War. It was encouraged by the Gold mining companies because the Afrikaners would not support their need to keep the large compounds of black workers in order.
However with the start of the war the mines shut down and the British re-annexed the Transversaal and Orange Free State. With shut down of the mines black workers could flee. Concentration Camps were set up for the Afrikaner women and children. Blacks did end up in the camps and fought on both sides. This war resulted in resentment and rage of the Afrikaners for both the blacks and the English-speaking South Africans for the next 60 years.
Lapping By the end of the nineteenth century most of the black clans and states of Southern Africa had been defeated in war. The rest had agreed with Britain for protection, which left them subject to four governments, two British, two Afrikaner since the union of South African in No cohesive force existed to create African political unity either. However, with the arrival of Gandhi, the African National Congress was formed along the same lines as the one he had set up in India.
The African nationalism came more from the Christians than Gandhi did. This was done by the formation of African Independent Churches. Those who paid the price were the blacks. The British had extended some votes to the blacks but the Afrikaners reserved voting for only the whites. The New Union government of South Africa, a product of the Boer War and Jan Smuts arguing for self-government, set about extending policies into a nationwide system of segregation.
The party was headed by J. The battle over political power was now between the Smuts-Hertzog and Malan. At the time of the election both Smuts and Malan felt the same concerning racial matters. They felt both supported a policy of racial segregation and saw no way it could be changed.
The real issue at the time was for the Afrikaners to triumph over the British. Since the British did want a non-racial constitution before the Union, Malan felt that this what separated the British from the non-English-speaking Afrikaners. After initial hostilities, he managed to gain the confidence of the native inhabitants, the Arawaks.
This was not surprising since they thought the Spanish were immortal gods. The Spanish were only interested in gold so they did not arouse any suspicion among the Indians. Their attempts at gold acquisition proved unworthy. The only gold they obtained was from the Indians, who had traded for it from neighboring islands. Jamaica was really only used as a base for refitting and taking on provisions.
However, in the course of these events, the Arawaks were killed off by diseases from the Spanish, because of corporal punishment, and through massacres by the Spanish colonists who forced them to work as serfs. By the time the English took over inthere was no Indians left. The Spanish had also brought slaves with them who were sent free right before the English gained control Bayer, p In the 17th century, rising European powers challenged the Spanish hegemony in the Caribbean.
The British were the most successful at seizing Jamaica, especially since they had North America and other Caribbean islands. The British began bringing slaves from West Africa since they dominated the slave market.
These slaves were to do heavy work on the sugar plantations. The slave and sugar trade brought the planters in Jamaica and the English slavers enormous wealth. This ordeal was very appalling for the slaves. Many did not survive the journey and a large number were severely weakened when they reached Kingston. The work was extremely hard and the regime on most of the plantations was merciless. The slaves were kept down by corporal punishment.
Death or amputation was not uncommon either. Bayer, p The runaway slaves from the Spanish occupation and those that took refuge from British occupation formed the Maroons.
Roots Reggae Library: Lucky Dube
Cudjoe, their leader was an escaped slave. This war lasted untilwhen the British commanding officer, Colonel Guthrie succeeded in persuading Cudjoe to make peace. In exchange for their freedom, own land, and to have their own jurisdiction, they had to desist form attacking the plantations and the colonists, and were not allowed to take in any further escaped slaves. Bayer, p 12 For quite some time there was peace in Jamaica, untilwhen the great slave rebellion of St.
It ended with a peace treaty with the assistance of the maroons. Intwo Maroons from Trelawny were publicly whipped which sparked the second Maroon War. It only lasted five months. The reason was that in England many felt that it was unchristian in nature. This inspired many slaves to take up arms and a wave of uprising swept across the Caribbean such as the Sam Sharpe Rebellion. Sam Sharpe was a Baptist preacher who became the leader of what was the last great slave rebellion on the island in He was hanged as a result and the other rebels were severely punished.
He said that he would rather die than live life as a slave. In spite of attempts to provide the plantation with new resources of labor. The ex-slaves and contract laborers began a free, but marginalised, peasantry. Cooper II, Netherlands Antilles "How long shall they kill our brothers, while we stand aside and weep? The words of Bob Marley. Why do these things happen?
Lucky came to my island a couple years ago. He is so cool. I love reggae music. Respect to you Lucky - Respect. From the first time I heard his music, he reminds me of another reggae super star Bob Marley. Why are we killing our freedom fighters? The world mourns the loss of such a great singer.
victoryawards.us | Caribbean tributes to Lucky Dube
He will always be remembered for his contribution to reggae music. As a Grenadian woman it inspires me to fight for what is right. My thoughts and praises go out to his family and fans. May his soul rest in peace Laurnie Jonh, Sauters, Grenada I am not one to write anything in such a public manner, but I was physically ill this morning when I heard this news.
What a concert that was! It was a truly mesmerizing and soul-stirring event. Even in torrents of rain, the thick crowd remained firmly in place.
My prayers go now out to his family particularly his children and to all the fans worldwide who share in this tragic and senseless loss. J C, Anguilla It's jus so wrong for a freedom fight, like Lucky to loose his life over his own car. I'm only 18 but it shows that violence has overtaken jus about every good thing in society.
When he preformed at the I. Cricket World Cup opening ceremony, it moved me. Now he's gone, it make me take a new look on life. His killer s should be found and put behind bars for a long time.
Rest In Peace Lucky. You will be missed. John's, Antigua The world mourns the lost of a reggae icon. Lucky Dube songs have inspired many not only in South Africa,but in the wider world.
His songs tells of hope and one day peace in this world. Let us all honour his memories and fight against crime and racism in this world.
He will live on in his music and in our hearts Suzette Lewis, St.
REACTIONS TO OPPRESSION: JAMAICA AND SOUTH AFRICA
Vincent and Grenadines I can't believe he is dead. I remember when he came to Dominica I had to borrow money from my parents to see him live. My daughter and husband are very sad. My heart goes out to his family and friends. When I got the news from a colleague of his death it devastated me. I would have loved to see him perform live after looking at so many videos of him on stage. A great man was lost indeed. Kelly Bartholomew, Trinidad Lucky Dube, was one of the great icons singing about the sufferings trials and tribulations of black people.
He left great messages in his music will be remembered for a long time. Trevor Wilness, Gros Islet - St. Lucia I was always wondering if I would ever get to go to one of Lucky Dube's concerts and yes that happen but instead of one I went to the two concerts that he kept in SK and boy were they great and now hearing that he is dead it feels like he were my family.
Forget about power and self. Stand up as one people. There should be no Christian, no Muslim, no tribe and no nationality.
Lucky Dube was as many have stated a Son of Africa! Do not let his message and his life be one that is silenced. Make this tragedy a focal point to enact change not only in SA but in Africa! Lucky's Music will live on like those of Bob Marley, Joseph Hill culture and all the great reggae icons who have gone. Edison Francis, Grenada Since I was a 15 year old boy I have loved Lucky Dube's music and generally reggae music and the news of his death is a really hard blow to me, my community and my country in the Caribbean.