Native Plants Hawaii - Viewing Plant : Artemisia australis
Artemisia absinthium, wormwood, was one of a number of cures or, possibly, Pliny says that the name may also come from Artemisia, wife of Mausolus, but film 'Naked' refers to the alleged connection between wormwood and Chernobyl. Artemisia absinthium is a species of Artemisia native to temperate regions of Eurasia and 'Lambrook Silver' is the earliest of these cultivars having been selected in An alternative derivation is that the genus was named after Queen Artemisia who was the wife and sister of Mausolus ruler of Caria. . External links . Apr 18, Artemisia is a large, diverse genus of mostly perennial and aromatic herbs and . or silver foliage linking or contrasting those plants with stronger colors. strong association between the herbs of the genus Artemisia and the moon sister of the Greek/Persian King Mausolus from the name of whose tomb.Plants Which Are Most Suitable For Herbal Gardening - Artemisia Their Species Silver Plant
The first major campaign to which Hecatomnid Caria contributed troops was waged against Euagoras in B. Hecatomnus was able to raise troops from both the interior and the coast the reference in Diodorus, He also cooperated with Autophradates, who was to hold Sparda as satrap while Mausolus ruled Caria.
The good relations between Caria and Lydia should be traced to this operation, in which Mausolus probably participated. In the s Mausolus and Autophradates joined forces in operations against Ariobarzanesthen satrap at Dascylium and believed rebellious. A similar use of the Hecatomnid fleet is found in the mids when Idrieus Diodorus, The Hecatomnids also campaigned closer to Caria to subdue recalcitrant peoples: Dexipposthe disaffected at Ephesus Polyaenus, 7. In the region of Lycia east of Caria along the southern Turkish coast it is possible to observe a transformation from rule by warring dynasts to relatively stable control exercised by satraps of Caria.
This process is difficult to trace because of the scanty literary documentation, the inability to fully understand Lycian inscriptions, and the difficulty in interpreting the coinage, which documents a variety of contemporary local political figures more or less subordinate to Achaemenid authority.
Like Caria, Lycia was originally supervised by the satrap at Sardis, and local documents contain references to officers from Sardis, for instance Tissaphernes, active in the area. By the time of Mausolus Hecatomnid administration was in place Aristotle, Oeconomica 2.
Achaemenid control collapsed only under the weight of a Macedonian invasion Arrian, Anabasis 1. The Hecatomnid extension of Achaemenid influence westward is characteristic of overall local Achaemenid activity in the far west after Artaxerxes II imposed peace on the European Greeks in Epigraphic and literary evidence points to a growing Hecatomnid influence over Greek city states in Ionia, including some that were normally supervised from Sardis in the 5th century cf.
The civic officers tried to define the satrapal family in Greek political terms e. If one compares the Erythrae decrees with Crampa, no.
Such use of Hellenic forms facilitated the extension of satrapal influence westward. Sardis and Halicarnassus cooperated to keep Ephesus under Achaemenid control. This city had been used as early as the 5th century b. Miletus, temporarily in disorder Polyaenus, 6. Tralles dated its documents by regnal years of Artaxerxes and a mention of who was satrap at Halicarnassus.
The Hecatomnid fleet assisted in the extension of influence into the Aegean islands, where satrapal hands were seen in the dismembering during the s of an alliance Athens had built up Demosthenes, speech 15 and the ancient introduction [hypothesis] to speech 24; Diodorus, Chios, Cos, and Rhodes stand out as pro-Achaemenid.
On Crete, the major city Cnossus enjoyed favorable relations with Halicarnassus Crampa, no. Influence was sought in mainland Greece. During the s or early s Mausolus had made a guest-friendship xenia with the Spartan king Agesilas Xenophon, Agesilaus 2.
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Plutarch, Agesilaus 13, for Spartan ties with Idrieusa practice attested for other satraps e. Dynastic strife in the Macedonian royal family terminated the effort. Fall of Achaemenid Caria, b. The task of defending the satrapy and the Achaemenid west against foreign royal invasion fell to Orontopates, son-in-law of Pixodarus Arrian, Anabasis 1.
Artemisia absinthium, wormwood Plinysays that Artemisia, the wife of Mausolus changed the name of the plant previously known as parthenis but it may also have come from Artemis Ilithyia. The name absinthe is said to be based on the Greek 'absinthion', meaning 'undrinkable'.
There are other species of Artemisia which have 'wormwood' as part of their common names but do not contain measurable amounts of thujone. It is often said, by those who love bizarre theories, that the Russian word 'chernobyl' means 'absinthe' though others say it means 'wormwood'. Counter voices say that 'chernobyl' is Ukrainian not Russian ignoring the fact that the nuclear plant involved in this accident is in what is now Belarus.
Though unlikely to have been the first use, a character in the Mike Leigh film 'Naked' refers to the alleged connection between wormwood and Chernobyl.
The first part of 'Chernobyl' is often said to mean black and, of course, wormwood is a light silvery green.
Those who cling to this nonsense, however, insist that 'black' is used to mean bad or harmful. Whatever the true derivation of the name, and it is impossible to know, the idea that the prophecy in Revelations began to come true at Chernobyl keeps some people fascinated.
Uses Artemisia plants are valued for medicinal, ornamental, culinary, and insect-repelling purposes. The aromatic leaves of various species of Artemisia are medicinal, such as Artemisia absinthium, absinth wormwood or common wormwood, which is used medicinally as a tonic, stomachic, febrifuge, and anthelmintic.
Artemisinin, extracted from Chinese wormwood, Artemisia annua, is the active ingredient in the anti-malarial combination therapy 'Coartem', produced by Novartis and the World Health Organization. It is useful for strains of malaria resistant to quinine. Some Artemisia species are valued for culinary purposes, although most have an extremely bitter taste.
Artemisia absinthium, wormwood - THE POISON GARDEN website
Absinth or common wormwood, A. The aperitif vermouth derived from the German word for wormwood, wermut is a wine flavored with aromatic herbs, but originally with wormwood. Absinthe is a highly potent spirit that contains wormwood. Artemisia arborescens tree wormwood, or sheeba in Arabic is a very bitter herb indigenous to the Middle East that is used in tea, usually with mint.
It is one of the four fines herbes of French cooking, and particularly suitable for chicken, fish, and egg dishes. Tarragon is one of the main components of Bearnaise sauce. Artemisia absinthium also is used to repel fleas and moths. The bitterness of the plant also led to its use by wet-nurses for weaning infants from the breast, as in this speech by Shakespeare from Romeo and Juliet Act I, Scene 3: For I had then laid wormwood to my dug, Various Artemisia species are grown as ornamental plants, with the fine-textured ones used for clipped bordering, with their attractive green, grayish, or silver foliage linking or contrasting those plants with stronger colors.
All grow best in free-draining sandy soil, unfertilized, and in full sun. Both absinthe wormwood, Artemisia absinthium, and mugwort, Artemisia vulgaris are used with such religious practices as Wiccabeing believed to have multiple effects on the psychic abilities of the practitioner. The beliefs surrounding this genus are founded upon the strong association between the herbs of the genus Artemisia and the moon goddess Artemiswho is believed to hold these powers. She is known also by Diana, Selene, and Phoebe.