Russian involvement in the Syrian Civil War - Wikipedia
Sep 26, Turkey has gained little from joining the Russia-Iran axis on Syria, and its relations with the U.S. and Europe are at an exceptionally low point. Apr 8, So why is Syria so important to Russian President Vladimir Putin? Qatar, the latter of which has forged close ties with the European Union. Apr 11, As the prospect grows of military confrontation with Russia in the skies over Syria, the US is counting on support from European partners such.
Western diplomats initially referred to the proposed resolution as a basis for negotiations. Russia indicated that it would not agree to the Western-Arab draft in its current form,  and that it would continue to promote its own resolution in the Security Council. Additionally, the Russian delegation said that Syria alone held the power to change the fate of its people, without foreign intervention.
On 20 April, the Security Council announced an agreement to expand the number of U. Security Council on 21 Apriland deployed up to unarmed observers to Syria for a period of up to 90 days. The plan also called for passage of the Annan peace plan, making unanimous passage of the resolution significant. After the peace plan was passed, Russian's U. Russia has also accused the West and allied nations of sabotaging a cease-fire brokered by Russia between Syrian forces.
Russian resolve: Why Syria matters to Putin - The Globe and Mail
The shelling was probably US selling weapons to Bahrain and at the same time criticizing Russia for supporting Syrian President Assad with weapons. Russia feels that the US is acting hypocritically by expecting them to discontinue selling weapons to the Syrian government, since the US supplies Syrian rebels with weapons via Turkey.
From Russia's perspective, if US aids the Syrian opposition, they are indirectly, undermining Russia's national security. BBC commented that Russia expects only one of two outcomes to take place in the Syrian civil war: He stated on Russian state media that: And the government of Syria should have felt that in due time and should have undertaken some reform.
Had they done that, what we're seeing in Syria today would have never happened. Mikhail Bogdanov stated that: The base does not have any strategic military importance". There is a threat of their return to us. So, instead of waiting for their return, we are helping President al-Assad fight them". In addition, similarities in forces deployed were drawn with Russian involvement in Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea.
For Putin, this is an attempt to show not only that Russia matters, but so does his military and its ability to use hard power to wield influence and establish some level of control in an incredibly complex conflict and region. Khrushchev, perhaps adopting elements of a policy already broached by Mr. Malenkov, had decided to break into the uncommitted countries of the Middle East, Africa, and the Indian subcontinent and to turn this vast area into a battleground in a struggle against the West fought with political, economic, and propaganda weapons.
Economic and security assistance was seen as the quick-fix to Western influence in the region, but did not replace the ultimate goal of driving out Western influence all together. Syria also received political and economic support, in addition to arms deals. The Soviets offered to build an oil refinery in Syria that would assist Soviet advisers there.
In addition, both Soviet and Syrian Legations were upgraded to embassy status in late Syria was once a French colony and, following its independence in the mids, received early diplomatic support and recognition from the Soviet Union.
Initially, suspicion between the two was rooted in Soviet mistrust of Arab socialism.
Russian resolve: Why Syria matters to Putin
As relations continued to warm between the Soviets and the coup government, Soviet aid increased after a fairly steep decline from Far-left elements of the party sought to introduce communist principles and personnel into the government. Soviet attempts to maintain and support communist elements of the Syrian regime made clear their goals for the region. The Soviets supported the revolutionary Arabs of the region, influenced heavily by Nasser of Egypt, who held Soviet support of his own, in order to promote socialist and communist ideologies and political parties.
Central Intelligence Agency began reporting a Soviet naval presence in the Mediterranean region in the early s. It certainly provided a stronger backing for the goal of global communism to be implemented in the region.
Soviet warships now routinely call at Tartus and make frequent visits to Latakia. A report from the RAND Corporation makes clear Soviet reservations regarding direct military support for its Arab allies in the event of a war, as it would put it at odds with the U. The Syrian invasion of Lebanon in saw rebuke from Moscow and even Soviet aid to the Palestinian Left, who opposed Christian forces backed by Syria.Russia’s withdrawal from Syria explained
Hafez al-Assad in March on his election to a third term as President of Syria. Economic and security assistance flowed to the regime under Hafez al-Assad, father of Bashar, the current Syrian leader. In JuneIsrael commenced operations in Lebanon attacking and destroying units of the Palestinian Liberation Organization PLO and large numbers of Syrian aircraft and armored vehicles.
Soviet technicians and new long range air defense systems deployed to Syria, with security provided by Soviet airborne units and short range surface-to-air missile batteries. Bysome 8, Soviet advisers were present in Syria. The rebuilding of this relationship would take years, but was imperative to any Russian ideas of a renewed strategic presence in the Mediterranean.
Using Russian state media reports and other outlets, Russian air assets could almost be completely accounted for. Over two dozen Su fighter-bomber and Su ground attack aircraft were spotted at the primary Russian air base, Khmeimem, in Latakia.
Larger aircraft, such as the Tu and TuMS strategic bombers, also made appearances over Syrian skies.
Special forces elements Spetsnaz were also deployed. Russian ground vehicles ranged from the BTRA to the T main battle tank and several electronic warfare jamming stations. Combat ships deployed in ranged from missile cruisers to frigates, corvettes, and various types in between, with some ships armed with the Kalibr cruise missiles.
Russian ships provided greater fire support capability, supplemented intelligence gathering, and increased air-defense capabilities to the overall deployment.
In Aprila Russian naval task force, consisting of combat and support vessels, participated in maritime exercises with Chinese warships in the Mediterranean. The lead Russian ship in the exercise, the missile cruiser Moskva, displayed its capabilities in live fire drills and in later exercises in East Asia, conducted in the summer ofjust prior to operations in Syria.
Story continues below advertisement Story continues below advertisement "It's fairly clear an activist role by Putin in the Middle East plays well at home," Mr.
Turkey's Erdogan Hosts Syria Summit Without US
It's also no secret Mr. Putin and his intelligence services are seeking opportunities to curb American influence and to undermine the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It's understandable that Mr. Putin would see Syria as a good place to test Western resolve, because the last time it happened, the West was found wanting.
Middle East power politics This is a complicated part of the world, and Syria is perhaps its most complex nation: Syria's descent into failed-state status created a power vacuum in large swaths of the country, primarily filled by the so-called Islamic State and its allies.
Story continues below advertisement Another leadership void, created in part by U. It is now a dominant regional power broker. That's not an uncontested position. The Syrian civil war pits mostly Sunni rebels against a Shia-aligned regime. Sunnis far outnumber Shias in the Muslim world, and indeed in Syria, but the House of Assad is part of an "axis of resistance" with Shia leaders from Iraq, Iran and the Iranian-funded Lebanese extremist group Hezbollah.
On the other side stand Saudi Arabia, Egypt and their allies.