Mohandas Gandhi's letter to Adolf Hitler, | Culture | The Observer
Jun 2, Once again, on December 24, , Gandhi sent a letter to Hitler, this Gandhi summarized his love-hate relationship with the device: “I too. Apr 2, gandhihitler Left: Mahatma Gandhi aboard the S.S. Rajputana en route to the Second Round Table Conference on Dominion Status for India;. A Strange Case of Doppelgangers: Hitler and Gandhi in India Mein Kampf, If the troubled relationship of a nationalist hero with the Nazis is insufficient to.
As he said in a January speech: He is a guest of the Government. Both Iranians and Indians come of Aryan stock. Insofar as fascism proclaims a degree of violence as a moral good, namely in founding the state and enforcing aristocracy and social unity, Gandhism can be considered an antifascism. Gandhi himself declared in an April speech: And in another speech to students that month: You know what Hitler is doing in Germany.
His creed is violence, of which he makes no secret. The other day we were told that the sword was their soul.
The boys and girls there are taught the science of violence from the beginning. They are taught to hate the enemy even in their arithmetic, and you will find that the examples have been chosen with a view to inculcate the military spirit. If we endorse their creed, we must recognize the necessity of inculcating the spirit of violence from infancy.
The same thing is happening in Italy. We must be honest even as they are honest.Vande Mataram (Jaldayini Faldayini) - Gandhi To Hitler - Video Song - Amen, Benson, Vashundhara V
Cast off the cloak of foreign thoughts and ideals, identify yourselves with the villagers. The Western world is giving us destructive knowledge; we want to impart constructive education through non-violence. May God give you the strength to reach your cherished goal. He said in a July interview with a German officer: Gandhi also asked the German why the Jews were persecuted, causing some embarrassment.
But the German persecution of the Jews seems to have no parallel in history. The tyrants of old never went so mad as Hitler seems to have gone. And he is doing it with religious zeal. For he is propounding a new religion of exclusive and militant nationalism in the name of which any inhumanity becomes an act of humanity to be rewarded here and hereafter.
The crime of an obviously mad but intrepid youth is being visited upon his whole race with unbelievable ferocity.
If there ever could be a justifiable war in the name of and for humanity, a war against Germany, to prevent the wanton persecution of a whole race, would be completely justified. But I do not believe in any war. A discussion of the pros and cons of such a war is therefore outside my horizon or province. Contrary to the antifascist fashion, Gandhi never believed that Hitler should be expelled from our common humanity or that he was irredeemable.
Hitler too does not kill his own people. In Januaryhe wrote: Hitler being human and having a modicum of ahimsa, Gandhi believed nonviolence was just as effective against National Socialism as against British imperialism. Gandhi answered some skeptical Christian missionaries in December Gandhi told some American teachers that the dictators should be pitied rather than loathed perhaps underestimating the degree of popular support for Hitler and Mussolini: It is all 'do or die' without killing or hurting," Ghandi wrote to Hitler.
If not the British, some other power will certainly improve upon your method and beat you with your own weapon. You are leaving no legacy to your people of which they would feel proud. Dear friend, That I address you as a friend is no formality. I own no foes. My business in life has been for the past 33 years to enlist the friendship of the whole of humanity by befriending mankind, irrespective of race, colour or creed.
I hope you will have the time and desire to know how a good portion of humanity who have view living under the influence of that doctrine of universal friendship view your action. We have no doubt about your bravery or devotion to your fatherland, nor do we believe that you are the monster described by your opponents.
But your own writings and pronouncements and those of your friends and admirers leave no room for doubt that many of your acts are monstrous and unbecoming of human dignity, especially in the estimation of men like me who believe in universal friendliness.
Gandhi's 1940 letter to Adolf Hitler: Seek peace or someone will 'beat you with your own weapon'
Such are your humiliation of Czechoslovakia, the rape of Poland and the swallowing of Denmark. I am aware that your view of life regards such spoliations as virtuous acts. But we have been taught from childhood to regard them as acts degrading humanity. Hence we cannot possibly wish success to your arms.
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But ours is a unique position. We resist British Imperialism no less than Nazism. If there is a difference, it is in degree. One-fifth of the human race has been brought under the British heel by means that will not bear scrutiny.
Our resistance to it does not mean harm to the British people. We seek to convert them, not to defeat them on the battle-field. Ours is an unarmed revolt against the British rule. But whether we convert them or not, we are determined to make their rule impossible by non-violent non-co-operation. With his reputation for effective, nonviolent change well established, many implored Gandhi to write to Adolph Hitler, whose increasingly aggressive regime in Germany had them worried that a second world war was imminent.
For example, by FebruaryHitler had ordered the establishment of a German air force, the Luftwaffe, and by MarchHitler had sent troops into the Rhineland — both in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. At this timeHitler was named Man of the Year by Time magazine. Seeing the writing on the wall, Gandhi sent a short, typewritten letter to Hitler on July 23,telling the dictator: Dear friend, Friends have been urging me to write to you for the sake of humanity.
But I have resisted their request, because of the feeling that any letter from me would be an impertinence. Something tells me that I must not calculate and that I must make my appeal for whatever it may be worth. It is quite clear that you are today the one person in the world who can prevent a war which may reduce humanity to the savage state. Must you pay the price for an object however worthy it may appear to you to be?
Will you listen to the appeal of one who has deliberately shunned the method of war not without considerable success?