Psychodynamic theories of personality - Freud, Erikson and Adler
Psychodynamic theories are theories about the mind (psyche) that assume that it and are involved just like other forms of therapies (i.e. no free association). The psychodynamic approach to personality involves the works of famous The Object Relations Theory also belongs to this group of personality theories. Psychodynamic theory and psychoanalytic the relationship between the two theories, there.
Once the dominant force in American psychiatry, psychoanalysis has all but disappeared as a medical specialty, even as it has taken up a place in the fields of social work and psychology.
A very different trend, one that attempts to link psychoanalysis with the neurosciences, has emerged in the early 21st century and is viewed by many as an important new direction for psychodynamic thought and practice, both within social work and within psychoanalysis more generally.
These are a few of the more significant changes that mark the beginning of the second century of psychoanalytic thought. Social work, too, has changed in many ways since its earliest attempts to employ psychoanalytic concepts in better understanding and serving its clientele.
difference between psychoanalytic and psychodynamic? - The Student Room
Although psychoanalytic ideas once held a revered status among clinical social workers and casework theorists, this has been altered by the introduction of newer cognitive and behavioral treatments, the changing requirements of the agencies and clients we serve, and an overriding focus on short-term interventions. The authors of this article believe that it is time for a reappraisal of psychoanalysis and what it offers the social work clinician.
In the material that follows, our delineation of some essential introductory and reference works, representing several of the most prominent psychoanalytic psychologies and their central theoretical tenets, will be presented. We will also discuss psychoanalytic contributions to the understanding of therapeutic process, highlighting particular concepts and themes that are unique to a psychodynamic point of view.
We conclude with a brief review of the current state of research on psychodynamic treatment. Introductory Works Since it is impossible to cover the subject of psychodynamic theory in social work in a comprehensive way, the initial approach taken is to provide a list of introductory publications that together offer a comparative framework for reference on the subject, as well as offering current perspectives on the relationship between social work and psychodynamic theory more broadly.
In a later work, Berzoff examines psychoanalytic ideas as these are applied to a social work framework in working with vulnerable populations. Borden provides an overview of central psychoanalytic concepts and theories in relation to various clinical situations and practice settings, while Brandell offers a historical overview of the relationship between clinical social work and psychoanalytic thought, as well as an examination of the therapeutic process, work with special populations, and various phenomena such as transference and countertransference.
Goldstein comments on two important theoretical systems—object relations and self psychology—and how each theory may be applied to specific client situations associated with modern clinical practice in social work. Finally, Sudbery focuses on the most-essential dimensions of the client-worker relationship in clinical social work.
Falling through the cracks: Psychodynamic practice with vulnerable and oppressed populations. Inside out and outside in: Psychodynamic clinical theory and psychopathology in contemporary multicultural contexts. First published in Northvale, NJ: Contemporary psychodynamic theory and practice.
Provides an overview of major psychodynamic concepts and theories and applies them to several clinical settings and situations.
Sigmund Freud writing between the s and the s developed a collection of theories which have formed the basis of the psychodynamic approach to psychology. His theories are clinically derived - i. The psychodynamic therapist would usually be treating the patient for depression or anxiety related disorders. Basic Assumptions Our behavior and feelings are powerfully affected by unconscious motives: The unconscious mind comprises mental processes that are inaccessible to consciousness but that influence judgments, feelings, or behavior Wilson, According to Freudthe unconscious mind is the primary source of human behavior.
Like an iceberg, the most important part of the mind is the part you cannot see. Our feelings, motives, and decisions are actually powerfully influenced by our past experiences, and stored in the unconscious.
Our behavior and feelings as adults including psychological problems are rooted in our childhood experiences: Psychodynamic theory states that events in our childhood have a great influence on our adult lives, shaping our personality. Events that occur in childhood can remain in the unconscious, and cause problems as adults.
Personality is shaped as the drives are modified by different conflicts at different times in childhood during psychosexual development.
Psychodynamic Theories of Personality
All behavior has a cause usually unconsciouseven slips of the tongue. Therefore all behavior is determined: Psychodynamic theory is strongly determinist as it views our behavior as caused entirely by unconscious factors over which we have no control.
Unconscious thoughts and feelings can transfer to the conscious mind in the form of parapraxes, popularly known as Freudian slips or slips of the tongue. We reveal what is really on our mind by saying something we didn't mean to.
Freud believed that slips of the tongue provided an insight into the unconscious mind and that there were no accidents, every behavior including slips of the tongue was significant i.
Personality is made up of three parts i. The id is the primitive and instinctive component of personality. It consists of all the inherited i.