Second Continental Congress - Wikipedia
The Second Continental Congress was composed of many of the same delegates as from the 13 colonies that started meeting on May 10, , in Philadelphia, Describe the relationship between the colonies and Great Britain in the year. in , delegates from the thirteen colonies met in Philadelphia to plot the course of The Second Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia in the summer of It was preceded by the First Continental Congress in the fall of . . The retirement percentages were correct for when this article was published but. The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that started meeting in the spring of in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It succeeded the First Continental Congress, which met in Philadelphia Colonies were present when the Second Continental Congress convened.
Rembrandt Peale, Portrait of George Washington, circa This had the effect of invalidating the Olive Branch Petition, which the British summarily rejected. Though the ideas of conservatives continued to be debated in the Congress, the battles at Lexington and Concord and the subsequent siege of Boston pushed many of the delegates into the radical camp.
Declaring independence The Second Continental Congress assumed the normal functions of a government, appointing ambassadors, issuing paper currency, raising the Continental Army through conscription, and appointing generals to lead the army.
The powers of the Congress were still very limited, however. It did not have the authority to raise taxes, nor did it have the ability to regulate commerce. On July 4,the Congress took a momentous step and issued the Declaration of Independence.
Although the delegates were partly motivated by the necessity of securing foreign allies—particularly the French—to assist with the war effort against Britain, many of them also understood that the time for negotiations was over. Declaring Independence For over a year, the Continental Congress supervised a war against a country to which it proclaimed its loyalty. In fact, both the Congress and the people it represented were divided on the question of independence even after a year of open warfare against Great Britain.
Early ina number of factors began to strengthen the call for separation.
Second Continental Congress
At the same time, many Americans came to realize that their military might not be capable of defeating the British Empire on its own. Meanwhile, the war itself evoked hostility toward Britain among the citizenry, paving the way for independence.
In the spring ofthe provisional colonial governments began to send new instructions to their congressional delegates, obliquely or directly allowing them to vote for independence. The provisional government of Virginia went further: It instructed its delegation to submit a proposal for independence before Congress.
Congress postponed a final vote on the proposal until July 1, but appointed a committee to draft a provisional declaration of independence for use should the proposal pass. The committee consisted of five men, including John Adams and Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania.
But the declaration was primarily the work of one man, Thomas Jefferson, who penned an eloquent defense of the natural rights of all people, of which, he charged, Parliament and the king had tried to deprive the American nation. Waging the War The Declaration of Independence allowed Congress to seek alliances with foreign countries, and the fledgling U.
The Second Continental Congress
Lacking a pre-existing infrastructure, Congress struggled throughout the war to provide the Continental Army with adequate supplies and provisions. However, the King chose to ignore them and the Americans began the boycott.
They made a plan to meet again in May of if the British did not meet their demands. After that, the delegates continued to meet in different sessions until March ofwhen the Articles of the Confederation were ratified. The first meeting was at the State House in Philadelphia, which would later be called Independence Hall, but they also had sessions in other locations including Baltimore, Maryland and York, Pennsylvania.
Unlike the First Continental Congress, this time the colony of Georgia would join and all thirteen colonies were represented. Much had happened in the previous months since the end of the First Continental Congress including the start of the Revolutionary War with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
The Second Continental Congress (article) | Khan Academy
The congress had some serious business to take care of immediately including forming an army to fight the British.
Other new members included Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin. This congress acted much more like a government sending ambassadors to foreign countries, printing its own money, getting loans, and raising an army.